inflation

A woman rides a bicycle past outside a food store in Tokyo

Will the Bank of Japan act again?

MADRID | The Corner | Will the Japanese Central Bank act again to raise inflation expectations and get inflation to reach its target of 2%? Some analysts believe the BoJ should allow the economy to overheat a little in order to promote higher inflation expectations. “Kuroda is convinced that the country will reach its inflation target of 2% in the FY2015,” experts at JP Morgan pointed out on Thursday, “but the help of the yen’s depreciation is fading since expectations of further monetary expansion are lowering too.”


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What if we are in a 2% growth world?

MADRID | By The Corner | Experts at JPMorgan are less worried about near-term disturbances and flows and more about the medium-term outlook for economic growth. Over the past three years, the world economy has grown only at a 2.5% pace, below potential and thus not able to make up for what we lost in the recession. Each year, they keep forecasting that growth will rise to a 3% handle, but have been steadily disappointed.



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“We’ll see zero credit growth in the Monetary Union in the next 2 years”

WASHINGTON | By Pablo Pardo | Mark Zandi is chief economist at Moody’s Analytics, the department in charge of consulting, advising and providing services for businesses and financial institutions. Among its many activities, the firm advices several European banks with regard to the EBA’s and ECB’s stress tests. Moody’s created this department in 2007, after buying Economy.com –Zandi’s analysis company.


Brazil

Inflation in Brazil: when you cannot only blame the World Cup

MADRID | The Corner | Inflation in Brazil hit the upper limit of the government’s target for the first time in a year in June: consumer prices rose by 6.52% yoy (IPCA index), airlines’ fares skyrocketed because of the World Cup (almost 22% in June from May). But let’s be fair: only half of the monthly inflation came from the football competition. And prices will remain far from the 4.5 percent target beyond 2015 unless the central bank rises rates further.

 


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Has global inflation reached an inflection point?

LONDON | By The Corner | Cross-economy inflation readings have surprised to the top side, according to Barclays experts. This has occurred despite analyst forecasts for a pick-up in the pace of price increases. These surprises have been – like the downside surprises of the past couple years – remarkably broad based. They also began before the start of the recent rise in oil prices.


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EZ lending activity improvement compromised

MADRID | The Corner | While the European inflation remained at 0.5%, credit steeply contracted in May thus neutralising the tepid improvement of the lending activity during March and April, according to Afi. The decline in private credit accelerated in small peripheral countries, but it continued the same in Spain and Italy.


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Euro area June inflation should remain at 0.5% until year-end

LONDON | By Barclays analysts | Euro area “flash” June HICP remained unchanged at 0.5% y/y, in line with our and consensus expectations. Printing 0.51% y/y at two decimal places (very close to our 0.50% y/y estimate), today’s outturn is technically only very slightly higher than last month (0.49% y/y) and March (0.47% y/y). It remains nonetheless very weak indeed.


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Effects of the deflation on debt

MADRID | By Luis Arroyo | The Spanish National Statistical Institute has recently published May’s CPI. The chart shows the 0.1% annual variation with respect to May 2013. Such variations determine a curious outcome on the price level, as the second chart exhibits.


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Halting QE= Active monetary asphyxiation?

NEW YORK | By Benjamin Cole at Historinhas |  The recent historical and empirical record strongly suggests central bank quantitative easing (QE) works. The riddle is whether both the Japan and U.S. economies will slip into stagnation again without QE, as long as there is a global glut of capital holding down interest rates, and inflation is dead—or even if inflation is near 2 percent on the PCE deflator, the putative Fed target. The riddle might even be reframed: When central banks do not conduct QE, are they actively engaged in monetary asphyxiation?