central banks

ECB's president Christine Lagarde

The ECB’s Holistic Approach

Laura Becerra (Caixabank Research) | If we want to get a better understanding of monetary policy decision-making, we must pay close attention to changes in financial conditions. To do this, there is an important initial step: knowing how to measure them.


ECB Bundesbank

Central Bank Independence: From The Theory To The Practice

Javier García Arenas and Adrià Morron Salmeron (CaixaBank ) | The independence of central banks seems indisputable, even more so in these times of pandemic, in which they have increased their use of unconventional policies and provided coverage for the high funding needs of states. In this article we will explore the theory and empirical evidence supporting the importance for central banks to maintain their independence.


Fed's inflation target

Central Banks Will Not Regain Their Inflation Targets In The Next Three Years

Central banks have once again received criticism for the support they have provided to markets-to-date and their role as inflation targeters. Analysts at AXA IM’s view is that much of this criticism is misplaced: They expect central banks to remain inflation targeters, even though seeing the immediate pandemic impact as likely disinflationary through 2022. 


The position of the ECB on TLTROs III could be less generous than expected

Is There A Limit To Central Bank Intervention?

Alphavalue | The answer to this complex question is yes. Our analysts believe there is a limit to central bank intervention. This is not determined by economic or financial rules, but by politics. Ignoring that limit would violate democracy. The next question is: have some central banks already crossed the limit?


fiscal easing

$15 Billion In Stimuli For A V-Shaped Recovery

Frenzied rate cuts (more than a hundred worldwide) and liquidity injections by various central banks, amounting to more than $6 trillion, added to the fiscal stimuli of all kinds already committed for another $9 trillion. An unprecedented aid package that amounts to 19% of the world’s GDP in 2019. All aimed at trying to achieve a V-shaped recovery that will mitigate the effects (-5% of world GDP) of such an unexpected recession.


central banks1

G7, Central Banks To The Rescue Of Coronavirus Damage On The Economy

Expectations for coordinated action from the main central banks is growing. The Fed’s messages will be particularly decisive as “it is the only with real capacity to influence the market and the determination to take strong action”, explain experts at Bankinter. The upcoming central banks’ planned meetings are: March 12 (ECB), March 18, the Federal Reserve (FOMC Minutes), March 19, the Bank of Japan and March 26, The Bank of England.  


Fiat Money

Fiat Money Will Most Likely Continue To Lose Its Purchasing Power Over Time

Degussa | Wherever you look: Prices for consumer goods, real estate, stocks and bonds are on the rise. That means that the purchasing power of money is on the decline. For if, say, stock prices go up, your money unit can buy fewer stocks. What it also means is: While people holding assets, whose prices increase, become “richer”, people holding money get “poorer”


riksbank

The Cost Of Negative Rates: The Case Of The Riksbank

Caixabank Research | The experience of the Riksbank highlights the doubts over negative interest rates: despite a worsening economic outlook for Sweden, it raised the interest rate from –0.25% to 0% in December and abandoned its policy of negative rates.


The Fed balance sheet and repo facility cannot explain the stock market’s movement in isolation

Repo Facility: QE Or Not? It Does Not Matter

Unigestión | Whether it is called QE or not, buying bills (swapping reserves for short-term bonds), injecting liquidity into the market place and growing the balance sheet affects risky assets. Market conditioning (the Pavlovian effect) since the GFC is that stock markets cannot go down when the Fed is growing the balance sheet. Additionally, the Fed’s extremely aggressive response to the repo blowout in September is another signal to markets that it has a very low tolerance for market fluctuations.


Which central bank blinks and cut rates first?

Which Central Bank Blinks And Cuts Rates First?

TwentyFour Asset Management’s CEO Mark Holman thinks central banks will move on rates any time soon, but where the first move comes from might be harder to call. They are sure it will not be the UK, thank goodness and also sure it won’t be the ECB. It won’t be the US in the near future either.