Spanish companies and households: less debt and more financing

J.L.M. Campuzano (AEB) | The Bank of Spain has published the financial accounts for the Spanish economy at the end of the first quarter. Consolidated household and company debt fell in the first quarter to 132% of GDP, 4.1 percentage points below the rate the year before. Company debt represents 74.4% and that of households 58.4%. The consolidated net financing flow received by both sectors is 0.8% of GDP, 0.6% for companies.

The net financial operations for resident sectors up to March, in cumulative figures over four quarters, registered a surplus of 1.2% of GDP. The positive balance of the private sector of 3.6% contrasts with the 2.4% deficit for public administrations.

Financial entities have a surplus of 2.6% of GDP, above the 0.6% for companies. Households also have a positive balance of 0.1%.

The bulk of household financial assets are in cash and deposits (40% of the total), followed by stocks and shares (27%), insurance and pension funds (16%) and investment funds (14%). Cash and deposits are the component which has most increased its weight in household financial assets.