The Bank Of Spain Will Keep The Counter-Cyclical Buffer At 0% Until It Returns To A Path Of Recovery

Retail interest rates are high compared to other Eurozone's countriesTop of the Bank of Spain

The Bank of Spain has decided to maintain the counter-cyclical capital buffer applicable to credit exposures in Spain at 0% during the third quarter of the year. It will probably also do the same in the coming quarters due to the current context of the coronavirus crisis.

It has indicated that the severe macroeconomic and financial impact of the Covid-19 crisis, along with the uncertainty associated with the start of the process of economic reactivation, require credit institutions to maintain the flow of financing to the real economy. So this is not the right time for the accumulation of this macro-prudential requirement.

In the quarters prior to the crisis, the Bank of Spain did warn of the possibility of activating this financial device in 2020. However it already said in March that the situation caused by the health crisis made it advisable not to do so. At least until the main economic and financial effects of the coronavirus had disappeared.

The aim of the counter-cyclical capital buffer is to reinforce the solvency of the banking system in phases of excessive credit growth. Also to smooth out the movements of the credit cycle and accumulate capital buffers in good times, so they can be used when conditions deteriorate.

In the current situation, the Bank of Spain has flagged that the provision of credit to the real economy by institutions is “an essential part of the strategy to mitigate the impact of the coronavirus shock and ensure that an economic recovery occurs as quickly as possible.” So it has decided to maintain the counter-cyclical cushion at the minimum level of 0%, confirming its intention not to raise it for a prolonged period of time.


This decision has been taken in line with the recent cautious forecasts from the European Central Bank (ECB), the European Banking Authority (EBA) and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in response to Covid-19. These institutions have advised a coordinated reduction of this cyclical macro-prudential instrument by the relevant national authorities. Furthermore, where appropriate, the use of this cushion by credit institutions to absorb possible losses and thus facilitate the continued provision of credit to the real economy.