Spanish banks: better numbers but return on equity still weak

banks ROE

Spanish banks benefited from both the general improvement of recurrent revenues and the containment of expenses and provisions. But credit lending is growing too slowly and so are their profitability levels.

ROE improved last year, but it is still standing around 6% -it used to be around 12% before the crisis.

Moreover the Spanish banking sector is, along with the French, the most profitable in Europe (in Germany the average ROE is of 1.3%; 2.2% in the UK and Italy -11.5%).


Aside from profitability, Spanish banks managed in 2014 to achieve a significant improvement in recurring revenues for two main reasons: better margins thanks to less deposit costs and more commissions obtained from investment and pension funds.


Experts at Afi also point out that financial operations (ROF) still have a significant weight in the lenders’ results. In fact, if you exclude this item, several entities would have presented losses last year.


Another key for the numbers’ improvement has been the reduction of financing costs and lower provisions. Also the increase in the volume of business and the lending incipient reactivation – although the total volume of credit lending decreased by 2.4%.

All listed entities have notably increased their solvency ratios: from Santander’s 9.7% core capital (including a €7.5bn capital increase) to the 12.3% in case of Caixabank.

About the Author

Francisco López
Working for more than 25 years in the world of journalism and communications, Francisco has gained valuable experience at several well-known newspapers such as El Mundo and La Vanguardia. He specialized in economic and financial news before making the leap to the corporate communication sector where he has held several positions: Adviser to the Ministry of Economy, Director of the Bank of Spain’s Communication Department, in addition to his consultancy role at Analistas Financieros Internacionales, where he currently works.

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