Argentina: How To Read Elections’ Unexpected Results


BARCLAYS | The results of Sunday’s general election in Argentina have forced a run-off on November 22. Defying the opinion polls, with 97% of votes counted, Mauricio Macri (34.33%) finished very close to Daniel Scioli (36.86%). Scioli, backed by outgoing President Cristina Kirchner, lost 1.5pp relative to the primaries, while Macri gained 4ppt.

Sergio Massa came in third place with more or less the same proportion of votes (21.34%) as in the primaries and will not be in the run-off. Hence, Macri’s gains were not Massa’s losses, and the widely expected polarization did not materialize. Indeed, before Sunday’s vote, there had been no poll showing such a small difference in support for Macri and Scioli; hence, the result came as a surprise to the markets (Figure 1). Polls had suggested two possible scenarios: a first-round victory for Scioli or Macri’s getting to the run-off by a nose.

Argentina 1

The election has spurred a re-assessment of Macri’s prospects. To assess how close each candidate is to victory in a run-off, we perform two simple arithmetic exercises.  In both, we assume that the number of blank votes are equal to those in the October 25 election plus half of the Left Party’s votes, for a total of 5.7%. The Left Party candidate, Nicolás Del Caño,has stated that in a run-off scenario, he would ask voters to vote for no one. We then find a combination of votes from other candidates that would make either Macri or Scioli get 51%. In the case of Macri, we assume a percentage over Massa and Progressives in Scenario 1, and a percentage of Massa, Progressives and Rodriguez Saa in Scenario 2. We do the same for Scioli except that we consider the Left Party instead of Progressives, given Scioli’s left-leaning platform on the one hand, and Macri’s coalition with the UCR and Coalicion Civiva, which makes him a more natural ally of Progressives than Scioli. This suggests that Macri likely does not need a lot more than Scioli to win in a second round. In other words, the November 22 run-off will be very tight, which makes it very sensitive to pivotal events (eg, the debate between both candidates scheduled for November 15).


The outcome of the run-off is, of course, uncertain at this stage. We believe that markets will need to be mindful of the uncertainties involved. In our view, these stem from the following factors:

  • This is Argentina’s first run-off in the country and the behavior of the current electorate in such a scenario has not been tested.
  • Polls were unable to capture changes in the voter preferences before the October 25 election, significantly reducing their perceived reliability.
  • Governors and mayors have already been elected, so their incentives to support the presidential ticket in November 22 are lower.
  • Voters have shown, on average, a movement toward the center, and we think Macri might be better positioned to adapt to these preferences, given his ample coalition platform that includes UCR and Coalicion Civica. Furthermore, Scioli faces the problem that moving to the center to capture voters poses the risk of losing the support of core Kirchneristas. This might explain his statements with regard to maintaining Kirchnerismo’s flagship policies, even implying that he would pursue hard-line negotiations with holdouts. However, the strategies that candidates choose to deploy in the coming weeks remain an open question. Indeed, during their latest public appearances, both candidates have explicitly targeted votes from other parties.

Cristina Kirchner’s power weakens. The election results reduce the influence of current President Cristina Kirchner.

  • The candidacy of Anibal Fernandez for the Governor of the Province of Buenos Aires was imposed by the president. His loss, coupled with poor results for Peronists throughout the country, will likely damage the Peronist camp.
  • Without the stronghold of Buenos Aires, Kirchner’s leverage to negotiate policies through the governor, with Scioli or Macri, are severely diminished.

What’s at stake in a run-off? Differences and similarities between Macri and Scioli

The two political adversaries have very different economic agendas. In Figure below, we depict the most important similarities and differences.




About the Author

The Corner
The Corner has a team of on-the-ground reporters in capital cities ranging from New York to Beijing. Their stories are edited by the teams at the Spanish magazine Consejeros (for members of companies’ boards of directors) and at the stock market news site Consenso Del Mercado (market consensus). They have worked in economics and communication for over 25 years.