The joke is on you, Mr Juncker


Semiotics of those now popular images go little farther beyond a simple, unsubtle fact: Spain’s finance minister Luis de Guindos is certainly not familiar with the sort of humour the Eurogroup’s chief, Jean-Claude Juncker, displayed Monday when he took Guindos’ neck between his bare hands ahead of their meeting.

The prime minister of Luxembourg would next time be best advised to gently pat his Spanish colleague’s back; after all, the whole deficit-target tug of war has given an outstanding victory to the de Guindos team.


The Spanish government has literally taken control behind the wheel of its finances. That will stress its responsibility and the markets’ pressure, there is no doubt about that. But so far, Spain has not only won a 0.9pc higher margin from the 4.4pc public deficit bar it had to creep under following Brussels’ instructions. With this move, minister de Guindos has re-framed the austerity debate, something that seemed untouchable a few weeks earlier and that affects the whole psychology with which up until this moment core Europe sent orders for the periphery’s states to obey.

Besides, in Madrid the consensus holds the belief that a softer deficit target was the logical consequence of a worse economic environment than envisaged. As analysts at Link Securities noted Tuesday,

“The Eurogroup rejected the 5.8pc deficit target proposed by Spain but set a new one, 5.3pc, remarkably above the 4.4pc figure the last Socialist Party’s government had promised with forecasts of 2.3pc GDP growth, which current expectations cut down to a contraction of 1.5pc.

It means that president Rajoy must find €5 more billions in savings. We think this will not be an issue, as there still is a lot of waste to get rid of at the local administration level.”

Juncker’s skills might come handy soon, though. Were he in need of grabbing someone else’s neck, he could now hunt among those on the pro-austerity camp. What about German chancellor Angel Merkel herself? Spiegel magazine reports that Germany didn’t even reach half of its planned savings in the federal budget. Only 42pc of the spending cuts named by Merkel’s coalition government have been made.

“Calculations made by the influential Cologne Institute for Economic Research indicate that only €4.7 billion ($6.16 billion) of the €11.2 billion in austerity measures stipulated by the savings package actually took shape in 2011.

“The government is also falling behind on its targets for this year. Of the originally planned €19.1 billion in savings, less than half has been implemented.”

No wonder the Spanish minister de Guindos went today into a bilateral meeting with his German counterpart Wolfgang Schäuble feeling confident that Merkel’s cabinet member

“appreciates the effort Spain has made with our reforms and budget adjustments. We maintain our commitment to reach a 3pc deficit in 2013, and the German minister perfectly understands our programme.”

The scenario points as well at a window of opportunity for deficit target relaxation. The latest OECD composite indicators showed that the global economy continues being reliant on US and Japan, although Europe have some positive news, too. After a downward trend, improvements appeared in Italy (+0,4), Spain (+0,4), France (+0,3) and Germany (+0,1). Greece also registered better performance than expected for the 3rd month in a row.

This week, several European corporations borrowed on the credit markets

“comfortably. Heineken, Bankinter, Renault and Luxxotica issues were well received. This is very important as it could signal that companies can return to the markets.”

About the Author

Victor Jimenez
London contributor at, reporting about the City and the Eurozone economies. He regularly writes for Spanish newspaper group Prensa Ibérica--some of his features include shared work with journalists of The Daily Telegraph and the BBC.

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